The hormone testosterone is found in humans both men and women. However, the levels of testosterone are much higher than it is in women. Testosterone production increases from the time of puberty but starts reducing once you hit 30. A decrease in testosterone levels after 30 is natural, as it is a sign of aging. However, a drastic decrease in testosterone levels can pose serious problems.
Before going into the problems and side effects of low testosterone levels in men, first, you need to understand the role of the testosterone hormone in the human body. In men, testosterone helps in the following functions:
Involved in sex drive
Helps build muscle mass and strength
Aids in fat distribution
Builds bone density
Produces Red Blood Cells (RBCs)
Now it is easier to understand the side effects of low testosterone levels in men.
It affects the sexual functioning and performance of men, which may lead to decreased libido, lesser spontaneous erections, reduced sexual desires, reduced sperm count, and even infertility.
It also results in various physical changes in the human body such as accumulation of body fat, reduced muscle strength and muscle mass, fragile and weak bones, reduced body hair, hot flashes, increased tiredness, inefficient cholesterol metabolism, and sometimes even tenderness or swelling of the breast tissue. Men with low testosterone must, therefore, learn how to shave your ball sack safely if you are into the habit of doing so.
Additionally, lower levels of testosterone affect sleep resulting in insomnia. It may also alter your sleep patterns
Further, lower levels of testosterone results in emotional changes in a person. It may lead to a state of excessive sadness, irritability, and even depression. It may also lower your sense of self-esteem and well-being, thereby reducing your confidence and motivation to do things. Moreover, some people may even struggle with their concentration and memory.
Other side effects include thyroid, type-2 diabetes, infection, testicle injury/testicular cancer, HIV, and others.